Asian J Beauty Cosmetol. 2013; 11(4): 603-610.
Series 7. Research Misconduct
In Jae Lee
In this study, I compared the concept and scope of research misconduct between Korea and other countries and discussed the principles and procedures of verification of research misconduct described in the "Guidelines for ensuring the research ethics". According to Federal Research Misconduct Policy of U.S.A, research misconduct is defined as fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results. Fabrication is making up data or results and recording or reporting them. Falsification is manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record. Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person’s ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit. Research misconduct does not include honest error or differences of opinion. If we look at the provisions of research misconduct, there is a difference in the world little by little. Because the verification system and range of research misconduct reflect research environment of society, culture, and values. However, it is common to include fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism. In Korea, the research misconduct is broadly defined than the U.S.A. In the guidelines for ensuring the research ethics, we have defined verification system preparation and verification responsibility of research institutions for principles of research integrity verification. And the core verification procedure consists of information receipt, inquiry, investigation, decision.
Keywords : Research misconduct, Questionable research practice, Fabrication, Falsification, Plagiarism, The guideline for ensuring the research ethics, Inquiry, investigation