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Kor J Aesthet Cosmetol > Volume 8(1); 2010 > Article
Kor J Aesthet Cosmetol 2010;8(1): 273-287.
미용사 면허제도 한·일 비교
이한웅, 이유미
The Comparison Study on the Licensure System between Korea and Japan
Han-Woong Lee, You-Mi Lee
The purpose of this study is to discover the flaws of the Korean Cosmetologist License System by comparing it to that of Japan and analyzing the data, and to provide the alternatives that can supplement those flaws. The Korean Cosmetologist License System was first established through the Barber and Cosmetologist Act in 1961. On the other hand, in Japan, Cosmetologist Act was established in 1957, and this Act was separated from the Barber and Cosmetologist Act of Japan of 1947. This study mainly deals with three points: Cosmetology Education System, Cosmetologist Examination System, and the licensure process and effect. First, Japan has legal standards for the Cosmetology Education System, while Korea does not. On the other hand, in Korea, one can receive the Cosmetologist license after completing the requirements, while in Japan, one only becomes qualified to apply for the Cosmetology test. Second, Japan has the Cosmetologist Examination System, while Korea does not.In Korea,there is only the National Technique Examination System that gives qualification to receive the Cosmetologist License. Third, in Korea, only those with Cosmetologist License have rights to open the cosmetology businesses unlike Japan. However, systems in both countries approve only cosmetologists to do the cosmetology service.
Key words: Public Health Control Act, Cosmetologist Act, Cosmetologist License, Cosmetology Education, License Test
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